A comatose, febrile child, the most common condition we see, in an average year we will treat over 9,000 cases.

We are fortunate today to have the rapid test kits to confirm diagnosis and the excellent arthemether based medicine to treat confirmed cases.

This is the best example of how having the diagnostic skills and medicines in place saves lives, simply and at low cost.

Serious cases left untreated in children, who have not yet built up any resistance lead to a high mortality rate.

Mosquito nets are the best defense against the female Anopheles which bite mainly at dusk and at night and pass the parasites into the bloodstream.

The symptoms are typically shivering, fever, tiredness, vomiting and diarrhoea.

Trials are taking place with vaccines and we await the outcomes with great interest.